Târgu Jiu is situated in a depression between hills in the Getic Subcarpathians,on both banks of the river Jiu, from which it gets its name. In the north part of our city,you can easily see the mountainous massives Vâlcan and Parâng from the Meridionali Carpathians. There are less than 20 kilometres between our city and the foot of the mountains. in the south part , the city is crossed by the 45 parallel , northern latitude and not too far away ,towards west, the meridian of 23 eastern longitude .
The city is sitated at the crossroads of two important roads: E 79,which comes from Petrosani and leads to Craiova and DN 67 which links Râmnicu Vâlcea to Drobeta Turnu Severin.
Under this name our city is certificated by historical documents from the XVI-th century
Being sitated at the north of the confluence of Amaradia Pietroasa with Jiu, it is more elongated to the N-S (for about 10 kms)than to E-W (6 kms).It has a tentacular shape along the linking roads towards other places in the nearby area.In the N-W part there is Dealul Târgului, with its highest point of 326m.This is the best place to come and see the sight of the city.The west part of the city is crossed by the River Şuşiţa,a tributary of Jiu, and on the right side of it there is the Bârseşti Hill.
In the north part the height is about 200 m .
The climate is relatively mild .The variations of temperature are not very big from winter to summer.The average temperature in January is – 2,5 C, in July + 21,1 C. The lowest temperature was of
– 31 C, and the highest was of + 40,6 C.
The average temperature per year is of 10, 2 C.The average amount of rainfall is of 753 mm.It rains a lot in May and June
The natural vegetation is of river meadow with species of trees :willow,white poplar,black popler,alder-tree and species of other plants: the tail of the fox, hair grass,hops etc. You can frequently see shrubs such as: the blackberry bush and the blackthorn which make the transition to the forests of oak trees in the vicinity of the area. The important forests used for picnics are in the east at about 3 km from the city centre and in the south, at 2,5 – 3 km.
The representative animals are: the wild boar, the deer, the fox, the sparrow, the wood-pecker,the cuckoo,the viper with horn,and in waters the chub and the barbel.
The soil is aluvial,of low resistence,not suitable for very big constructions , but with a high degree of fruitfulness.
At the 2002 census there were 97 976 inhabitants, of which almost 5000 belonged to the localities included in the municipality (Bîrseşti, Drăgoieni, Iezureni, Polata, Preajba Mare, Romaneşti, Slobozia, Ursaţi.)
The population of the municipality is 97% Romanians and almost 3% Rroms.Other ethnical groups are very rare.
Târgu Jiu is one of the big cities of the country from the aspect point of view,but because of the number of the inhabitants,of the economy ,of the living standard,and of many other factors it is categorized as a medium town.
Due to the industrial development people can now find work not only in agriculture as they used to.The meadow ground are suitable for cereals, and in some parts even for fruit trees(plum trees,apple trees, pear trees, quince trees) and vine.Breeding (horned cattle,sheep, pigs and poultry) is an intense activity of the people in the countryside. These activities , to a certain extent, provide goods for the town and absorb a part of the active population which became unemployed because of the redundancy at the industrial units which go through a reorganization and a modernization process.
The representative industrial units in our town are:
„ROSTRAMO”where the wood is processed and which produces: furniture, plywood, PAL, tile and timber.
The mining equipment plant„GRIMEX”;
The cigarette factory;
The ready-made clothes factory „CONFECŢIA”;
The glass factory „STAR GLASS”;
The rubber goods plant „ARTEGO”
There are smaller industrial units as well: those in which they process milk, bread, construction materials,meat products preparate ,beverages and liquors etc.
Most of the commercial units belong to the privat sector. In the last 10 – 15 years their number has increased significantly. The current trend is to concentrate the commercial activities in supermarkets and to reduce the number of the smaller units which cannot resist the competition. The farm produce markets are being extended and modernized.
Means of travelling
After 1888, Târgu Jiu was linked to the capital and other bigger cities through railway. Nowadays it is electrified.
Besides the European route E 79 there are national onesas well which link Târgu Jiu with Baia de Aramă, Motru, Drăgăşani, Râmnicu Vâlcea and Sebeş.
Tourism has developed due to the high touristic potential of the region. The most visited sights of the town are:
The sculptural ensemble of Constantin Brâncuşi created from 1937 to 1938 which contains